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Objectivism and Behaviorism

Page history last edited by sonia 12 years, 7 months ago

Basic Principles

  • Learning happens when a correct response is demonstrated following the presentation of a specific environmental stimulus
  • Learning can be detected by observing an organism over a period of time
  • Emphasis is on observable and measurable behaviors
  • Uses a "black box" metaphor - the learner is a black box, what happens inside is unknown
  • Emphasis is on relationships between environmental variables and behavior
  • Instruction utilizes consequences and reinforcement of learned behaviors
  • Believes behavior is guided by purpose
  • Cues are antecedents to behavior and set the conditions for its occurence


Embedded Theories


Pavlov's Operant Conditioning


Skinner's Operant Conditioning


Stimulus Response Theory


Information Processing Theory


Principle Theorists







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