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Objectivism and Behaviorism

Page history last edited by sonia 11 years, 10 months ago

Basic Principles

  • Learning happens when a correct response is demonstrated following the presentation of a specific environmental stimulus
  • Learning can be detected by observing an organism over a period of time
  • Emphasis is on observable and measurable behaviors
  • Uses a "black box" metaphor - the learner is a black box, what happens inside is unknown
  • Emphasis is on relationships between environmental variables and behavior
  • Instruction utilizes consequences and reinforcement of learned behaviors
  • Believes behavior is guided by purpose
  • Cues are antecedents to behavior and set the conditions for its occurence

 

Embedded Theories

 

Pavlov's Operant Conditioning

 

Skinner's Operant Conditioning

 

Stimulus Response Theory

 

Information Processing Theory

 

Principle Theorists

 

Pavlov

 

Skinner

 

Watson

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